Bahamas Travel Guide, Your Local Caribbean Trip Advisor
General Information About The Bahamas
The Bahamas, officially called the Commonwealth of the Bahamas is a country of the Lucayan Archipelago, consisting more than 700 islands. Situated in the Atlantic Ocean this island country consisting beautiful cays and islets as well. The Bahamas territory encompasses 180,000 sq mi of ocean space, from Florida in the northwest, down to Turks and Caicos Islands in the southeast. The Bahamas were the first landfall in the New World when Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic Sea. Previously inhabited by Lucayan, a branch of the indigenous Arawak-speaking Taíno people. The island was never colonised by Spain but the native Lucayans were sent into slavery in Hispaniola. After Columbus reached in 1492, the islands deserted under British colonists from 1513 until 1648 on the island of Eleuthera. The Bahamas became an official colony in 1718. 1834 slavery was abolished on the Bahamas and became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1973. Nearly 90% of today's population are descendants of slaves and free Africans. Many American slaves and Seminoles escaped to the Bahamas from Florida. The Bahamas is one of the richest countries in the Caribbean. Following the United States and Canada the domestic product per capita is increasing continuously. The Bahamian economy is mainly based on tourism and the finance industry.